Tuesday, 20 March 2018

Termas de Rio Hondo, Argentina

MotoGP ™ returned to Argentina in 2014 after a long 15-year break, with the Termas de Rio Hondo circuit in the northern province of Santiago del Estero becoming the host venue for the Gran Premio de la Republica Argentina - a race that had previously been held in Buenos Aires.

The Termas de Río Hondo Circuit is located 6km from the city which gives the venue its name, in the Province of Santiago del Estero. It was built in a 150 hectare area and officially inaugurated on May 11, 2008, during the visit of Argentina´s Touring Car Racing championship. In 2012, the reconditioning, enlargement and modernization of the circuit began, with the purpose of turning it into Latin America’s most modern, safe and vibrant circuit.

Indeed, the first ever Argentinean Grand Prix took place in 1961 close to Argentina's capital, and was the first time that a GP had been run outside Europe. In the modern era Termas de Rio Hondo continues the legacy of motorcycle racing in Argentina. The annual visit to the South American country creates a festival atmosphere, providing a spectacular show on and off track.
   source: www.motogp.com

The Termas de Río Hondo Circuit

Impressing under the floodlights in his 12th season in the MotoGP™ paddock, Valentino Rossi (Movistar Yamaha MotoGP) began his 2018 season with a strong pace, something he believes he didn’t have when he found himself in the same position 12 months ago.

Starting the race from the third row of the grid after a tough qualifying session, the Italian put in remarkable opening lap to get up into fourth, but had a battle of ten riders to contend with.

With no breakaway rider in the first half of the race, the top ten stayed together and were all lapping with competitive times, of which Rossi explained it was difficult to assess if he had podium pace: “This year the problem was that the first ten riders had a very similar pace, so you had to wait for the whole race to see what was enough for the podium. But I am happy because in the last period, the strongest on the track were Dovizioso and Marquez, so to stay with them until the end is a good way to start the season”.

Clearly riding with a comfortable pace on his YZF-M1, Rossi made a small mistake when trying to pass fellow Yamaha rider Johann Zarco (Monster Yamaha Tech 3), which put him out of immediate contention for the win: “I didn’t want to overtake Zarco, but after you overtake there is slipstream and air, and this is difficult to control so I went wide and at the moment Marquez overtook, who was followed by Dovi. I tried to overtake, but at that moment all the wolves behind were attacking – they were trying to take a leg or my arm! Without that mistake I might have had the pace to fight for the win with these guys, but I don’t know if I am able to win.”

Comparing his race to that of last year at the Losail International Circuit, it’s clear the 39 year old is a lot happier with 2018’s race: “It’s a very good way to start the season, for me personally it’s a different situation to last year. Arriving on the podium last year was a surprise, one I didn’t expect to at all especially after the warm-up, but this time I knew I could do a good race.”

Struggling down in 10th throughout the sessions last season, Rossi went into the 2017 opener concerned with pace but turned it around in the race – however this year he was much happier with his pace overall. Adding about 2018 he says: “I am happy because when Dovi went in front I knew they were going to change the rhythm, and that moment was the key moment for me to fight for the podium. I knew I had to overtake Zarco, and I had to give the maximum to go with them. I knew that through some points of the track I was fast, so to arrive at the end on the podium is a great way to start.”
Looking ahead to the second race in Argentina, Rossi explains his thought process’ through changing the setting of his YZF-M1 this weekend and his outlook ahead: “After qualifying I was not very happy about the balance, and we modified it to save the front tyre. This meant we saved the tyre, but lost speed so on Sunday we tried everything and if not, then ‘ciao’. We were able to improve everything, but the good and the bad will change from one track to another, and the difference will be big, so no one knows what will happen in Argentina.”

source: http://www.motogp.com

‘The Doctor’ fights off the wolves to take 192nd podium finish in the QatarGP

Saturday, 17 March 2018

For the more liberal-leaning Indonesians, the upcoming revision to the Criminal Code (KUHP), currently being finalized by the House of Representatives and the President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo administration, is a threat to freedom. Lawmakers and government officials, however, have played down such concerns, saying the new KUHP was principally meant to create order in society and should by no means be perceived as an attempt to encroach on an individual’s privacy. 
The Jakarta Post's Ina Parlina, Margareth S. Aritonang and Moses Ompusunggu recently spoke with Enny Nurbaningsih, who heads the government team tasked with formulating the KUHP bill, on the philosophy and aim behind the revision to the 70-year-old law. Following are excerpts from the nearly hour-long interview.
Question: How is the KUHP bill more progressive than the colonial criminal law?
Answer: The KUHP bill consists of two parts: the first book and the second book. The first book explains the guidelines for punishment that are different from the Dutch colonialist KUHP. We changed the guidelines because our focal point is not to punish a perpetrator for their deed, but to correct the perpetrator.
Therefore, a perpetrator we want to correct does not necessarily have to be sentenced to jail. [The correction] could be adequately made through community service or supervision by authorities. We have to pay close attention to the perpetrator.
We expect the guidelines in the first book will be used by law enforcement agencies in our country. Another point is how to apply the death penalty, which is starkly different from the old KUHP.
The old KUHP recognizes the death penalty as capital punishment, which makes it easier for [judges] to hand down a death sentence. This will no longer be easy, because the upcoming revision aims at correcting the perpetrator.
Enny NurbaningsihEnny Nurbaningsih (Courtesy of//kemenkumham.co.id)
The restorative justice concept used in the KUHP bill is based on human rights principles, but our judges are still using conventional legal thinking in determining verdicts. Can the concept be implemented?  
That's why we need a transition period to disseminate and to prepare the infrastructure and human resources for the implementation of the new KUHP. We will also ready the people who will be in charge of managing the implementation of community service as punishment. We have to be ready for everything.
[Even when all preparations are ready], it will not mean we can relax, as our journey will be arduous. This is the start of a very different thing.
How long will the transition period be?
Three years. The House argued it was too long, but it would be difficult [to shorten the duration] because we have to disseminate [the new KUHP] to our law enforcement authorities, to civil society organizations, to everyone. 
We will ask the CSOs for help in the dissemination, because all citizens must be well informed about the penal code. We have to have the same understanding, so that we know what and how to do things when we are in trouble. It's dangerous for the country if its citizens don't understand their penal code system.
Some people ask, "Why is the deliberation of the KUHP bill conducted haphazardly?" In what way? The draft bill was first initiated in 1964, developing over time [to the version] we are using now, the 2015 version.
Moreover, if you monitored the drafting process, you would be able to observe the changes that were made. We have made the changes because we have to be very careful in revising the KUHP, which is applicable to all citizens.
That's why we involved a lot of experts in the process. There is [not a single ounce] of elitism in it. All hearings are open to the public, different from the deliberation on the terrorism bill, which is virtually “closed door”, because it talks about intelligence data.
We have even conducted roadshows to various universities to explain the bill’s contents. We have also invited proofreaders to check the contents.
An Illustration of the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP). An Illustration of the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP). (kompas.com/Palupi Annisa Auliani)
Who are the proofreaders? And what did they actually do?
They corrected the substance. All are criminal law professors.
We did all this because we think this bill should be the constitution for Indonesia's criminal law, which will regulate how punishment should be given, among other [provisions]. We were very prudent in drafting it.
Did lawmakers and government officials make many changes? 
There were changes made at every hearing on the bill. I cannot count all the changes because there are many. Our speed in deliberating the bill was normal, because we have to prevent conflict with other regulations of criminal law. We are very careful in that.
But it does not mean we have no target at all. Having a target is very different from doing it haphazardly. Our target is that the revision process would be concluded under the current House session. Failing that, it's possible that the bill would not be deliberated again, because everything depends on the political decision of the next [legislative] session.
It's possible that we could start all over again because our lawmaking system at the House does not allow carryover [legislation]. Just count the losses – financial and energy-wise – if we restarted the deliberation from zero.
On the other hand, creating an original criminal code has been the state's commitment since Independence. It is part of our law reform effort: replacing Dutch colonialist regulations, which number around 400 regulations at present.
A women's rights activist cries with joy after the Constitutional Court (MK) rejected a judicial review petition demanding that articles on adultery in the prevailing Criminal Code be expanded to include pre-marital sex and same-sex relationships in this Dec. 14, 2017, file photo. A women's rights activist cries with joy after the Constitutional Court (MK) rejected a judicial review petition demanding that articles on adultery in the prevailing Criminal Code be expanded to include pre-marital sex and same-sex relationships in this Dec. 14, 2017, file photo. (JP/Seto Wardhana.)
How do you respond to the criticism over the homosexuality articles in the criminal code bill?
You have to understand that LGBT was regulated in the Dutch criminal code, though it only regulates crimes committed against underage victims.
For the new regulation, we cannot [criminalize] a person [for his or her sexual orientation]. Instead, what we regulate is their [sexual practice], whether it is conducted in private or in public.
We are prohibited from raiding dormitories one by one to see whether or not there are two people in the same room. That is a private matter.
For the Republic of Indonesia, it is not possible for the government to intrude on the private matters of its citizens. But when private matters disrupt public matters, we have to enforce the law. For instance, when a person [engages in LGBT practices] to disrupt public order. We are not a liberal country.
But the morality articles are open to different interpretations.
We cannot measure it subjectively, because it is related to morality. At the end, it is the judges who will assess [each case]. The legal process at this stage must be very strong.
Besides, one can also be charged with a crime of homosexuality if one commits it by spreading pornographic content, especially if the victim is a child; the sentence would be very heavy. We are aware that the distribution of pornographic content has been rampant here.
So the implementation of the new KUHP provisions depends on the capability of individual judges?
Not only the new norms, but all provisions in the criminal code. The judges will also decide whether to sentence a convicted criminal to jail or only to community service.
The implementation of the community service sentence could also address the problem of overcrowded prisons. For instance, when one person is sentenced to one year in prison, it is possible for the sentence to be replaced with community service or supervision by authorities; or even with a mere fine. The community service sentence, however, cannot be applied to serious crimes.
Burned down: A fire razes the Jambi Class II A Penitentiary during a riot in March last year.Burned down: A fire razes the Jambi Class II A Penitentiary during a riot in March last year. (Courtesy of Tribunnews.com/File)
Some NGOs said the increasing number of crimes regulated in the criminal code bill would increase the current problem of prison overcrowding.
We have to bear in mind that the biggest contributor to prison overcrowding is drug convicts, at around 80 percent.
The Narcotics Law must be revised. We have drug dealers and users, but should we sentence them all to prison? We have to decide which who is better placed in a rehabilitation center, to be placed in prison, or even to receive the death penalty. Regarding the death penalty, we have decided that it is an alternative punishment.
What do you mean by ‘alternative punishment’?
An “alternative and special punishment” means it is dependent on what we call the probation period. For instance, if a death-row convict behaves well during the period, say 10 years, [a death sentence] could be replaced with a life sentence.
What about the adultery articles?
There is an expansion from the old criminal code that criminalizes only sexual acts outside marriage by married individuals.
We want to accommodate the needs of our heterogeneous society that holds [its own] values. We cannot equate our society with Western societies that have broader freedoms, like Europe. We have our own cultural values.
After we decided that the crime can also be reported by any affected third party, it triggered widespread debate. Komnas Perempuan [National Commission on Violence Against Women] was even concerned that it could prompt the persecution of women.
Afterwards, we decided to limit the “third party” definition to the parents, a husband or a wife, or a child of the person who commits adultery.
The restriction has been added to the article. Komnas Perempuan was present at the hearing when we changed the article, and said that they agreed on the matter.
What about the articles on insulting the head of state?
We are bound to the basic principle that the right to freedom of expression is protected under the Constitution. We don't want it to be curtailed by the existence of a new KUHP.  
What is regulated in the new KUHP is different from the last one [the Constitutional Court abolished it in 2006]. We have provided an exclusion on people who cannot be prosecuted using the article. For instance, the article cannot be applied to a person who expresses an opinion or criticism on a government policy.
What we mean by “insult” is when a person degrades the dignity of a head of state. For instance, by calling the head of state “a dog” or anything that is not related to what a president does. We have created a long explanation on this matter, so that law enforcement authorities can differentiate between an insult and criticism.

source: www.thejakartapost.com

Indonesia: We are not a liberal country

It’s not often that the head of a major car company will admit to not being up to speed on the latest, hot industry-wide trend.
Jolyon Nash has no such qualms.
Last week, in Geneva, McLaren Automotive’s director of global sales said he knew “very little” about the Formula E electric-car racing series that many other automotive brands (Audi, BMW, Jaguar, Porsche, Renault, to name a few) have resoundingly backed since it expanded last year.
I asked him what he thought in general about electrified powertrains in global Formula racing. “To be quite frank, whatever thoughts I’ve got will be quite uneducated,” Nash said. “I’m a traditionalist. I love to hear the sound of an engine going around a track. Formula E doesn’t provide that.”
What’s more, the taciturn South African said that while half of McLaren’s fleet will be hybrid in four years’ time, the company will not produce an all-electric car in the foreseeable future. Not even a halo car or a conceptual design exercise.
“We wouldn’t want to produce a car just to demonstrate technology—that is just not us,” Nash said. McLaren typically unveils limited and one-off versions of its cars, like the Senna GTR, rather than extremely futuristic conceptual forms filled with foam.
It was a rare moment of candor from a sales boss apparently unaffected by the keep-up-with-the-Joneses attitude of automakers when it comes to showcasing electric technology. Many hem and haw when asked if and when they’ll make something with an all-electric powertrain; concrete responses are usually affirmative.
In fact, from the most obscure brands—Nio and Remac—to mainstreamers such as Corvette, Mercedes-Maybach, Porsche, Rolls-Royce, and most recently, Ferrari, all have announced plans to make all-electric concepts or are already building them. McLaren stands resolute.
“In the immediate future, no,” Nash said.
While everyone else is racing to show “me, too!” electrics, McLaren remains laser-focused on its relationship with its small, devoted,  largely racing-obsessed customer base. These are boy racers and F1 enthusiasts who would balk at any product that sacrifices speed and athleticism in the name of alternative power. (It should be noted that Formula E is growing in popularity, and many other companies besides McLaren have said that participating only strengthens their brands.)
“The [uniquely engaging] experience of driving the McLaren vehicle, which is the reason people buy Mclarens, ultimately has to meet customer expectations—and McLaren is not ready to commit to that for electric,” says Ian Fletcher, the principal automotive analyst at IHS Markit. The current mode of thought, at least for car lovers over the age of 40, is that the quietness of electric cars and the smooth, gear-free acceleration—as opposed to the throaty roar and rumble of a combustion engine—makes for less of an emotional, thrilling driving experience.
Outside the world of racing, last year Rolls-Royce shopped around a working, driving all-electric car only to postpone plans to develop it further after clients it surveyed balked at the sub-par performance. Rolls-Royce chief Torsten Müller-Ötvös recently said the brand would continue to pursue “full-electric. We don’t do any interim steps.” 
And Bentley’s new chief executive officer, Adrian Hallmark, said recently that Bentley will explore total electrification in the near future. Its consumers view eco-mindednesses as a status symbol in and of itself, he said this month in Geneva.
McLaren buyers evidently have no such compunction. They are racetrack—not ecologically—minded.
“McLaren would need the ability to get the whole package working the way the customers want,” Fletcher says, noting that one millimeter of slippage in driving performance on an all-electric McLaren car would be catastrophic for a brand established through F1 bloodlines. “For now, the technology has a lot of challenges.”
The hurdle is often weight, especially relevant for supercars such as those McLaren makes. Its 720S and 675LT, for instance, are celebrated for their near-perfect power-to-weight ratio.
Electric batteries weigh substantially more than a regular aluminum combustion engine, which changes the driving dynamics of the vehicle. It’s currently feasible to make an electric car with power-dense batteries, which allow for massive horsepower, or to make an electric car with batteries that provide long driving range, but not to make a car that offers both. Tesla Inc. certainly has come the closest with its exceptional Model S sedan, but a company such as McLaren needs a superior level of supercar performance.
“Until the technology develops sufficiently for both power and range, I think it would be hard to have an exciting supercar that is pure electric,” said Nash, who, incidentally, drives the tiny and electric BMW i3 as his daily commuter. “We haven’t quite got our heads around how that’s going to work.”
Until then, hybrid technology and its ability to pair sheer power (electric batteries) with range (gasoline fuel as backup) will suffice.
McLaren started with the million-dollar, 903-horsepower hybrid P1 in 2013, which joined such contemporaries as Ferrari’s La Ferrari hybrid and Porsche’s 918 Spyder Hybrid. Next year, it will unveil the production version of the BP23, a three-seat, hybrid, super-fast prototype the company hinted at this month in Geneva.
The limited-edition hypercar will undoubtedly cause a splash. Even if it’s “only” a hybrid, it’ll foretell what’s yet to come.
“McLaren is a very nimble company. Even if they’re not planning on moving ahead with all-electric at the moment, they’re on the cutting edge of what’s happening in the electrification sector,” Fletcher says. “And anyway, you can never say never in the auto space. Everyone is hedging their bets.”

McLaren won't follow Ferrari, Corvette into electric future

Friday, 16 March 2018


Same like before, we greeting the day with happiness. Time to teach the kids and playing with them. Knowledge and lesson new this time we are taking lesson about filter dirty water to be clear with simply way. The teachers already prepare all practice of equipment for the kids.  We only need plastic of bottle more less 3 bottles, dirty water and gravels. After that, we begin to practice the all materials. The kids are not patient to look the practice.

In front on class the teacher will begin to choice materials for first to put in the bottle.  The Teacher explains it with slowly one by one in order the kids can understand. And then the teacher takes a bottle and cut it become two part unequal big one and other. After that one side bottle put turn inside out then put above of bottle into other cut of bottle and then all gravels put in the bottle then pour the water into to bottle pass through the gravels. The teacher does it again and again till get clean of water.

My conclusion: parents always give the best way for them from infancy because the kids very easy to memories whatever they get around of environment. As a parent had better lead them not ignore them. Parents must more creative and clever using all materials around their lives. From nature we shall get many lessons, love your nature and you can see what happen the further.

posted by Lina


Thursday, 15 March 2018

State encouragement of paternity leave has finally arrived in Indonesia, a historic move acknowledging a fact that women have known all too long: They can’t manage alone. It seems to be a small, hesitant start. Based on a regulation of the National Civil Service Agency (BKN) late last year on leave of civil servants for “important needs”, men can apply for up to a month’s leave starting from before their wife’s childbirth, beyond the two days currently provided in the Manpower Law. The Jakarta administration says it adopted the policy this year, though paternity leave is limited to just five days.
The policy shows symbolic government support for the employee welcoming his newborn, albeit limited to civil servants. It’s at least a start to better recognize the needs of both mother and father in a child’s life.
Fathers may still be reluctant to sign up for the leave, feeling either too busy with work or embarrassed to stay for an extended period of time at home. Few Japanese and South Korean men have applied for the leave, a study by Kyushu University found last year, blaming perceptions that their peers would disapprove, despite desperate government incentives to boost birthrates.
Similarly, our traditions have long kept fathers away from a more significant role in raising children. Even the 1974 Marriage Law states the wife “is obligated to arrange household affairs as best as possible”.
Other local administrations should also enforce paternity leave, certainly longer than five days, because women fresh from giving birth need support after the first weeks — often when the mother or mother-in-law is preparing to leave. While recuperating and taking care of the new infant is a great challenge, there is also the housework and often other children to care of, although some can afford domestic helpers. The challenge is at least two-fold following childbirth involving a caesarian section.
Therefore, the private sector also needs to do everything it can to offer paternity leave. A few private companies, including PT IBM Indonesia and PT Johnson & Johnson, were among the first to issue paternity leave, proving there’s no need to wait for specific rules and bylaws. Apart from paternity leave PT Unilever Indonesia has extended maternity leave from the mandatory three months to four months; Aceh province has regulated six months’ maternity leave for civil servants.
Similar incentives are crucial to retain women in the workforce. A whopping 40 percent of women of productive age leave work for at least one year after their first childbirth, according to demographer Ariane Utomo, citing last year’s study under the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance. Employers naturally fret about replacing the women employees’ talent and experience, especially given our female labor participation rate is chronically stuck at around 50 percent.
Women have said they would gladly pitch in to the economy, even while seeking income at home. Governments have been slow to realize what’s holding them back. At least now men will be able to enjoy fatherhood along with the hectic days and nights in welcoming their baby.

source: www.thejakartapost.com

The right to a father

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

State electricity company PLN has officially slashed the allocation for new power plants in its new 10-year business plan by around 22,000 megawatts (MW) to only 56,000 MW due to sluggish electricity demand throughout last year.
In its previous electricity procurement business plan (RUPTL) for the 2017-2026 period, PLN envisioned the development of new power plants with a combined capacity of around 77,900 MW based on the assumption that its electricity sales would grow 8.3 percent annually.
In fact, PLN’s electricity sales only increased by 3.57 percent last year, raising concerns over the possibility of an oversupply situation.
Therefore, the company has scrapped the allocation for new plants to only around 56,000 MW in its new RUPTL for the 2018-2027 period based on the assumption that electricity demand will grow 6.86 percent annually in the next decade.
“The slashed allocation [of around 22,000 MW] is put in a potential list and can only be developed if we already have the demand,” Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Ignasius Jonan told reporters on Tuesday evening.
In the new business plan, PLN scraps the allocation for coal-fired facilities by around 5,000 MW, gas-fueled and combined-cycle plants by 10,000 MW and renewable projects by 6,600 MW.
“If electricity demand suddenly increases later, it’s possible for us to revise the business plan once again,” PLN corporate planning director Syofvi Felienty Roekman said.
Syofvi said only around 20,000 MW worth of power plants included in the government’s 35,000 MW program would be operational by 2019.

reposted by lina

soucre: www.thejakartapost.com

PLN puts 22,000 MW power plant projects on hold

The United Nations received 138 allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse last year and nearly half were against UN peacekeeping missions, a report said on Tuesday.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in the report that the 62 allegations against personnel in 10 peacekeeping missions and one political mission were a drop from the 104 claims reported in 2016.
There was a sharp decrease in allegations recorded for the MINUSCA mission in the Central African Republic: 19 last year compared to 52 in 2016.
Gabon last week announced that it was withdrawing its troops from MINUSCA following cases of sex abuse and other problems.
MINUSCA has been hit by a string of sex abuse allegations against peacekeepers that led to the firing of the mission commander in 2015 and the repatriation of contingents which faced repeated accusations.
Guterres has vowed to toughen the UN response to allegations of misbehavior by peacekeepers and UN personnel whose mission is to protect vulnerable civilians in conflict zones.
"No individual serving under the United Nations flag should be associated with sexual exploitation and abuse," Guterres said in the report.
"Combating this scourge continues to be one of my key priorities for 2018, as is assisting and empowering those who have been scarred by these egregious acts."
There are more than 90,000 military personnel assigned to UN peacekeeping operations.

posted by lina

source: www.thejakartapost.com

UN receives 138 allegations of sexual misconduct

Tuesday, 13 March 2018

House Smart, 13 March 2018

In the morning Friday when the sunshine bright so warm. As usually we came for teaching in house smart. This time we learned about “AIR”. We introduced about air to the kids and worthwhile of air. Example for this time our taken from balloon. The balloon very easy earn from market or shop and no dangerous for kids.

The teachers teach and explain to kid how their get and function of the air beside breathe for other human being. Such as birds that always does the air for flying, ship for sailor in the sea, turbine for electricity and else. In here the teacher using balloons for explaining how the balloons can fly in the air. The balloons blown up by kids as big as they can blow up and then pull it with ring rubber or same like that, every kids has different colour of balloons, I can see that their very enjoyable the lesson.

Before the teacher closed the class, the teachers always inquire a question for help them don’t forget about this lesson. As a prize, they get a cake or snack. So with the way, we can know which one student understand or misunderstand about what teacher taught before. We also can see about memory of them.

 Every Friday we always taught different lesson to them, in order them could learn something a new. We want the kids can get lesson from young age, slowly but sure.
My conclusion about this lesson is we can learn anything around we live without need expensive equipments. This is simple life not complicate. Teach the child as easy as impossible you know and you can see the next what happen to the further.

Thanks for read. JJJJJ

Author by myself


Many Indonesians might not realize that sleeping disorders and mental health are intertwined.

Triggered by hectic, unhealthy lifestyles, life pressures and excessive use of computers and mobile phones, insomnia was common in modern societies, experts at a recent forum argued.

“Stress and depression can cause trouble sleeping, while a lack of sleep also makes people more mentally vulnerable and emotionally reactive,” clinical psychologist Aurora Lumbantoruan said on Monday during a discussion to commemorate World Sleep Day, which falls on March 16.

“People who suffer from insomnia have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Some insomniacs also fall asleep without the restorative quality, meaning they still feel tired and sleepy even after a long sleep,” she said.
Some 28 million Indonesians, roughly 10 percent of the population, face trouble falling asleep, experts said during Monday’s discussion, citing numerous studies by a variety of organizations.

The issues discussed on Monday reflect the daily life of Monica Anggraini Dewi, a 27-year-old startup employee living in Bali, who has had trouble falling asleep for almost five years.

“Since graduating from university, I only have around two hours sleep every night,” she told The Jakarta Post. “Without enough sleep, I become moody and depressed the next day.”

Monica said anxiety and bad memories would plague her mind whenever she was ready to go to sleep, making her afraid of going to bed.

“During the day I appear like a cheerful girl and smile to everyone I meet. However, I still have bad thoughts in the back my mind, and all those bad thoughts come to me when I’m alone in bed at night,” she said, declining to describe her traumatic past.

But Monica has opted not to seek professional help. To help her fall asleep, she instead started taking an over-the-counter medicine called Antimo, which contains dimenhydrinate and is used to treat motion sickness.

“I take a tablet of Antimo every night before sleeping. If in the middle of the night I wake up, I take another one. Otherwise, I won’t be able to get the sleep I need,” she said.

In 2016, Monica started taking gym classes to help cut down on her medicine consumption.

“If I work out, I get tired and go straight to sleep. If I don’t have time to go to the gym, I go back to Antimo,” she said.

Kadenza Indratmo, a 23-year-old civil servant in Jakarta, also suffers from stress-related insomnia.

“Often I stay awake until my alarm goes off. To help me function during the day after a sleepless night I have to take the time to have a little conversation with my friends at work. After meeting people I can get rid of my anxieties,” she said.

Unlike Monica, Kadenza has sought help from a psychologist to deal with her past. Another strategy she employs is meeting up with her friends regularly to help her stay cheerful, as loneliness triggers her sadness.

“If I don’t hang out with my friends I have to drink alcohol to quiet my thoughts,” she said.

A 2016 study by Nurmiati Amir from the mental health department of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM) found that recurring insomnia could lead people to resort to drug and alcohol abuse to help them fall asleep.

Actors and comedians Tora Sudiro and Mieke Amalia were arrested in 2017 for possession of 30 tablets of Dumolid. The two said they had consumed the pills for a year to help them sleep.

“If sleep problems persist for more than two weeks, a person should seek professional help,” Aurora said.

She also advised insomniacs to keep a journal to gain control of their emotions, which would help them avoid resorting to alcohol and other substances.

People, Aurora added, should also stop looking at computer and cellphone screens in the hours approaching bed time. “Checking information updates forces our brains to stay awake, which makes it difficult to fall asleep,” she said

Source: www.thejakartapost.com

Sleepless in Indonesia: When sleeping disorders and mental health are intertwined

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